The participants will learn the basic principle of token economy and that an individual earns/accumulates a certain number of tokens by engaging in desired behaviours (called “target behaviours”) and can then exchange these tokens – effectively using them as payment – to gain access to backup reinforcers.
This system can be quite effective in educational settings, as it ensures high levels of motivation through on-going reinforcement, while not causing disruptions in the actual learning environment. A token economy is a system of behaviour modification based on the systematic reinforcement of target behaviour. The idea is to delay the onset of a highly preferred rein forcers by offering ‘small’ frequent reinforcement that eventually lead to a highly preferred reinforcers. The reinforcers are often symbols or «tokens» that are exchanged for other rein forcers.